“My patients learn in detail all about diabetes and the optimal regulation of their disease. The common therapeutic goal is to lead a normal life despite diabetes.” Univ. Prof. Dr. Erich Minar
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by a chronically elevated blood glucose level. This is caused by a lack of insulin. The insulin hormone normally stimulates the body cells to absorb sugar (glucose) from the blood for energy production. In the absence of insulin development, the concentration of glucose in the blood increases. The sugar enters the urine and is excreted.
Type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes the insulin producing beta cells are destroyed in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas by the body’s own defence cells. This leads to insulin deficiency. Those with type 1 diabetes are usually genetically predisposed to the disease.
Diabetes mellitus type 2
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is not noticeable until a certain age. Triggering factors are, above all, a diet rich in fats, being overweight and a lack of exercise.
Due to chronic excess of blood sugar, diabetics are exposed to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. Therefore, proper blood glucose level is particularly important, as it can delay possible complications.